Enseñar seguridad a niños con autismo

Teaching safety to children

Teaching safety skills to children with autism can be a challenging but a crucial aspect of their overall development. Children with autism may have difficulties understanding social cues, danger, and safety protocols, which can put them at greater risk of injury or harm. However, with the right strategies and support, parents and educators can help these children learn valuable safety skills that can help them stay safe in a variety of situations.

Here are some tips for teaching safety skills to children with autism:

Use visual aids

  • Children with autism often respond well to visual aids such as pictures, diagrams, and videos. These can be especially helpful when teaching safety skills such as crossing the road, fire safety, and water safety. Use visual aids to help your child understand the risks and consequences of certain behaviors, as well as the steps they should take to stay safe.

Role-play scenarios

  • Role-playing can be an effective way to help children with autism understand safety rules and protocols. You can act out scenarios with your child, such as what to do if they get lost, what to do if there’s a fire, or how to ask for help if they’re feeling unwell. Use role-playing as an opportunity to reinforce safety rules and encourage your child to practice their problem-solving skills.

Teach social cues

  • Children with autism may have difficulty understanding social cues such as body language, tone of voice, and facial expressions. These cues can be important for understanding when someone is in distress or when a situation is potentially dangerous. Use social stories and visual aids to help your child learn to recognize and respond appropriately to social cues.

Use positive reinforcement

  • Positive reinforcement can be a powerful motivator for children with autism. When your child demonstrates good safety skills, praise them and reward them with something they enjoy, such as a favorite toy or activity. This can help reinforce positive behaviors and encourage your child to continue practicing their safety skills.

Create a safety plan

  • Creating a safety plan can help your child understand what to do in various emergency situations. Work with your child to create a plan for what to do if there’s a fire, if they get lost, or if someone tries to harm them. Practice the plan regularly and make sure your child knows how to contact emergency services if necessary.

There are many articles that have great tips for teaching safety tips to children with autism.

Here are a few links to their articles:

El autismo habla
The May Institute
Article written by Dr. Mary Barbera
Association for Science in Autism Treatment
Article written by Bridget A. Taylor, PsyD., BCBA-D

Teaching safety skills to children with autism can take time and patience, but it’s an essential part of their overall development. By using visual aids, role-playing, and positive reinforcement, you can help your child develop the skills they need to stay safe in a variety of situations. Remember to be patient, consistent, and supportive, and celebrate your child’s progress along the way.


For more information, please contacto our office to speak with an experienced Behavior Analyst for any help with your child.